(NEWSnet/AP) — The unprecedented conviction of a presidential candidate is leading to questions about Donald Trump’s eligibility to vote in the November election – and additionally, how it affects his candidacy.

Trump, who served one term as president after winning the 2016 election, is the leading Republican candidate in the 2024 election.

Here’s what to know after a jury returned a guilty verdict Thursday in a New York state court on 34 counts of falsifying business records:

Voting Rights

 

Trump’s trial and conviction took place in New York. But in 2019 he became a resident of Florida, which will defer to the New York rules.

In New York, those convicted of felonies only lose the right to vote when they are incarcerated. A 2021 law allows voting rights to be restored when they are released, even if on parole.

That means as long as Trump isn’t sent to prison, he can vote for himself in Florida in November’s election.

“His rights depend on his sentencing,” wrote Michael McDonald, a University of Florida political scientist who’s tracked his state’s felony disenfranchisement rules, on the social media site X, formerly Twitter.

Eligibility for White House

 

The New York felony conviction doesn’t bar Trump from continuing his campaign or becoming president.

The requirements spelled out in the U.S. Constitution are at least age 35, a natural-born citizen, and a resident of the U.S. for at least 14 years.

The question of whether the insurrection clause in the 14th Amendment applies to Trump was not related to this particular case; and furthermore, the Supreme Court ruled earlier this year that only Congress could decide on such an exclusion for federal office holders and candidates. 

Republican Candidacy

 

Trump is the leading candidate for the Republican party, with the other candidates having dropped out or suspended their races as primary races began to take place.

The Republican National Convention, which will open four days after his July 11 sentencing date in New York, adopted rules last year that didn’t include any specific provisions if its presumptive nominee is convicted of a crime.

Trump’s daughter-in-law Lara Trump, who serves as co-chair of the Republican National Committee, said in a Fox News Channel interview on Thursday that Trump would do virtual rallies and campaign events if he’s convicted and sentenced to home confinement.

Presidential Pardon

 

Even if he is elected president, Trump will not be able to pardon himself of the state conviction in New York.

A president’s pardon power applies only to federal crimes.

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