WASHINGTON (AP) — Senators on Wednesday blasted top health and law enforcement officials for not doing more to combat the rise of illegal electronic cigarettes in the U.S.

Lawmakers on the Senate Judiciary Committee expressed frustration while questioning officials from U.S. Food and Drug Administration and U.S. Department of Justice regarding proliferation of the vaping industry. It has grown to include thousands of flavored, unauthorized e-cigs originating in China.

Those products have become a popular choice among American teens who vape.

“I simply do not understand how FDA and DOJ have permitted thousands of products to remain on store shelves when their manufacturers have not received authorization, or, in some cases, even filed an application,” said Judiciary Chairman Dick Durbin.

He showed a photo, taken by a Senate staff member near FDA’s campus, of a store display of flavored e-cigarettes.

“These illegal products, clearly designed for children by their flavors, are being sold in the shadow of FDA’s building,” Durbin said. “How is that allowed to happen?”

Brian King, FDA’s tobacco department director, said the agency has been slowed by a backlog of applications submitted by vape companies seeking approval.

“The sheer volume of this product landscape requires that we take the time to conduct scientifically and legally defensible reviews of the 27 million applications,” King said.

FDA has OK’d a few e-cigarettes as alternatives for adult smokers. All other products, including major sellers like Juul, are pending review or considered illegal by regulators.

FDA and DOJ have barred about a half-dozen vaping companies for selling products that can appeal to youngsters, but many more manufacturers continue launching new products.

On Monday, the agencies announced a task force to attempt to tackle the problem.

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