NEW YORK (NEWSnet/AP) — A federal judge said she’s not likely to approve the $30 billion settlement involving Visa and Mastercard swipe fees.

In March, the companies reached a settlement with businesses and merchants. The deal would lower and cap the fees and allow small businesses to bargain collectively for rates with the payment processors.

But the settlement was not accepted universally. National Retail Federation said it was likely to oppose the settlement, saying the relief was temporary and payment processing fees remain too high.

The settlement would have capped swipe fees for five years, which merchants opposed to the settlement said was insufficient.

Judge Margo Brodie of the Eastern District of New York said she is unlikely to grant final approval to the settlement. The decision means that, beyond a settlement, the case could go to trial.

The settlement stems from a 2005 lawsuit that alleged merchants paid excessive fees to accept Visa and Mastercard credit cards, and that member banks acted in violation of antitrust laws.

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